October 1995 – October 1998
PhD in earthquake engineering, Dipartimento di Ingegneria Strutturale, Politecnico di Milano, Italia
Final exam on the 11th of February1999

Doctorate program on “Inelastic Force and Displacement Spectra for Modern Seismic Design and Assessment and Methods of Assessment”;
Registered at the Politecnico di Milano, under the supervision of Professor E. Faccioli and Professor G. M. Calvi. External supervision by Professor A. S. Elnashai, who acted as her assessor.

Consultancies for European projects. Part of the mobility team of ICONS and NODISASTR, two major earthquake engineering research networks funded by the EU. Hence part of the Doctorate has been spent at Imperial College under the supervision of Professor Amr S. Elnashai. The main professional experiences are summarised below:

– Investigation on influence of inelastic behaviour and input motion parameters on inelastic displacement and acceleration spectra, to be used for design and assessment of structures subjected to earthquake loads;
– Evaluation of behaviour coefficients to adopt in simplified methods for the seismic design and assessment, based on forces and displacements;
– Definition of the seismic risk of Catania, funded by the Italian Ministry for Civil Defence.

September 1989 – July 1995
BSc in Structural Engineering, awarded degree with grades 110/110, with a mark of distinction (laude), Università degli Studi di Brescia, Italia
Final exam on the 11th of July 1995
Excellent knowledge in the field of structural dynamics and finite elements modelling
Thesis on the development of a code for the non linear FE analysis of structures subjected to dynamic loads. The code implements constitutive laws aimed to describe the non linear behaviour of steel and concrete.

EUCENTRE – European Centre for training and research in earthquake engineering, Via Ferrata 1, 27100 Pavia, Italy.
Employee – Senior Researcher – Head of Vulnerability and Territorial Management Section


Barbara Borzi is Senior Engineer at Eucentre since May 2008. She joined Eucentre in September 2004 after a long period abroad, and is currently Head of the Vulnerability and Territorial Management Section.
She is involved in several project to which Eucentre is actively participating. Some examples in the following:

– Project amount € 360.000: Project leader in a project targeting the evaluation of seismic vulnerability of hospitals in Lombardia district. The results of the study have been shown implementing a toolbar in a GIS system (Geographical Interface System). The outcome of the vulnerability study has been used to develop a cost-benefit methodology to evaluate the intervention priorities on the base of regional funds available to mitigate the risk. The project started in January 2005 and was closed in July 2006;
– Research activity: Definition of mechanical methods to evaluate the seismic vulnerability on urban scale of masonry an reinforced concrete buildings. Barbara Borzi is first author of articles published in technical literature that describe SP-BELA (Simplified Pushover – Based Earthquake Loss Assessment);
– Research activity: Finite elements modelling of areas and geotechnical structures with DYNAFLOW, a finite element code giving a detailed description of non-linear behaviour of soil deposits;
– Research activity: Definition of capacity curves (pushover) through simplified approaches allowing to analyse huge datasets of buildings with a reasonable computational effort. Barbara Borzi has performed a complete validation of the capacity curve evaluation methods. Such methods have been employed for the definition of peculiar parameters of structural behaviour to be used in probabilistic models of seismic behaviour of existing buildings;
– Project amount € 48.500: Definition of probability distribution of characteristic structural behaviour parameters of buildings typical for the as built in Italy for Risk Management Solutions (RMS). The project started July 2006 and closed in October 2006;
– Project amount € 461.800: Project leader in a project aiming the seismic risk evaluation of a large petro-chemical industrial estate in Sicily (Priolo Gargallo) on behalf of the prefecture of Siracusa. Several evaluation studies have been performed targeting: vulnerability of structures and infrastructures, effects of local amplification and seismic hazard. The results of the studies have been combined to assess the seismic risk of the area. A method with three levels of detail has been adopted to identify structures towards which address the available funds for eventual assessment and seismic retrofit. The project started in January 2007 and closed in January 2009;
– Project amount € 605.167 €: Project leader of the project “Crop and reschedule regional laws in matter of earthquake engineering and informatised procedures to support the regional offices operating in the field of constructions and territorial management”. For this project the IT system SI-ERC (Sistema Informatico – Ediliza Regione Calabria) and SI-TERC (Sistema Informatico – Territoriale Regione Calabria) have been implemented. Such systems are accessible via web and allow on one side to upload design data on new structures, retrofitting of existing ones and microzonation studies, and on the other side allows officials to verify all inputs in a fully automatic way. The first information system, SI-ERC, integrates a procedure to upload all administrative and technical paperwork in a database. SI-ERC manages with all kind of structures and all kind of activity (i.e. new construction, retrofit, etc.) matching the Italian regulation (Norme Tecniche sulle Costruzioni, DM 14 gennaio 2008). SI-ERC uploads also design data through forms organized in web pages for buildings and bridges. These design data first feed routines then check the compliance of the design with the code regulation. The results of the check give a score to the structures and identify structures which are absolutely safe, absolutely unsafe and the ones that need an higher level of inspection. The second information system, SI-TERC, is used to transfer data on microzonation studies. The Department of Civil Protection has establish guidelines for the seismic microzonation which rule the documentation that needs to be produced as a function of the adopted level of detail. SI-TERC establishes the format of the results of microzonation study and verifies the compliance of the format. The project started in March 2008 and closed in June 2009;
– Project amount € 206.167: Project leader of the project “Planning of training courses in Seismic Engineering matters” Barbara Borzi has managed the training activities of practitioners and regional officials supposed to use IT systems SI-ERC and SI-TERC. The project started in June 2009 and closed in March 2010;
– Project amount € 188.056: Project leader of the project “Evaluation and reduction of seismic hazard of structures and infrastructures of Calabria District from a strategic point of view”. The project started June 2009 and closed in March 2012;
– Project amount € 336.000 in 2010-2011 and € 240.000 in 2012: Project leader of projects, the first and the second respectively, on behalf of Calabria District. The first project started November 15th , 2011 and came to an end December 31st , 2011. The second project is still running covering complete 2012. The projects required a continuous presence of Eucentre staff in the technical offices of Calabria District to give support in authorization of constructions using the SI-ERC IT system.
– Project amount 102.000 € with two integrations of 55.000 € and 20.000 €: Project leader to deliver SIS IT system (Sistema Informatico Sismica) due to a contract with Emilia Romagna District, active since December 2009, in which an IT module has been implemented to forward and manage construction paperwork. The module has been tested in October 2011. At the moment a package of specific checks on buildings classified as “low vulnerability” is being implemented, and for which IT checks only will be the viable mean to schedule human resources. This package has a further value of 50.000 €;
– Project value 97.500 €: Project leader of a project activated September 12th, 2011 for the acquisition of the IT system GIPE (Gestione Informatica Pratiche Edilizie) on behalf of Trento District. The delivery of a customized version of the GIPE system is foreseen 31 December 31st, 2012;
– Project value 529.800 €: Project leader of a project funded by the department of Civil Protection of Presidenza del Consiglio dei Ministri (DPC) with the target to define seismic risk maps of the as built of Italian municipalities. The project started February 2009 and ended December 2013. During this project a WebGIS applications has been developed to visualize seismic risk maps and to define in real time the damage scenario of the municipalities surrounding the epicentre in case of a seismic event. A year extension, of a value of 130.000 €, is ongoing for the maintenance of the current WebGIS platforms and further calibration of vulnerability methodologies in order to improve the results of real time damage scenarios;
– Project amount 391.800 €: Project leader of a project funded by DPC finalized to set priorities of intervention on school buildings started February 2009 ended December 2013. During this project a WebGIS application has been developed the base of which are data from the census on national scale up to date on school buildings. A further platform aiming to manage and monitor retrofit plans on school buildings undergone DPC’s approval and financing has been developed. A year extension, of a value of 90.000 €, is ongoing for the maintenance of the current WebGIS platforms: new data will be integrated in the platform for the evaluation or risk and real time damage scenario of schools and the monitoring platform in now in production;
– Project amount 1.647.000 €: Project leader of a project funded by DPC to assess the seismic risk on the global national road system. Started on February 2009 ended December 2013. During this project a WebGIS application has been developed to set intervention priorities on the base risk indexes of the road system infrastructures, and to identify the most secure path for all rescue teams involved in case of an event. The system works using a database of structural data that automatically computes/analyses bridges with a level of detail depending on the level of knowledge. For known bridges real non-linear finite element analyses are performed. A year extension, of a value of 250.000 €, is ongoing to increase the set of data that in the first five years was strictly limited to ANAS and Trento District. Concerning this matter data from Società Autostrade (Italian motorways) have been cropped and processed. Furthermore, the seismic risk related to landslides has been also computed. In the case of occurrence of an earthquake the platform can also upload data on the real damage of structures. As a consequence of observed damage the vulnerability models are updated;
– Project amount 80.000 €: Project leader of a project funded by DPC built an electronic database of data on observed damage during occurred earthquake. The database had a GIS graphical interface and can be accessed via internet;
– Project amount 100.000 €: Project leader of a project funded by DPC to implement a web platform with GIS functionality to manage data on seismic retrofit of residential buildings;
– Partner in EC funded projects: The projects are listed below:
. FP7-INCO-2011-6 – SASPARM Support Action for Strengthening Palestinian-administrated Areas capabilities for Seismic Risk Mitigation
. FP7-INFRA-2010-1.1.27 – NERA “Network of European Research Infrastructures for Earthquake Risk Assessment and Mitigation”
. PON01_02366 – STRIT “Strumenti e Tecnologie per la gestione del Rischio delle Infrastrutture di Trasporto”
. PON04a2_A – PRISMA “Piattaforme cloud Interoperabili per smart government”
. DG ECO 2013 – ECOSTRESS “Ecological COastal Strategies and Tools for Resilient European SocietieS”

MARCH 2002 – AUGUST 2004

Barbara Borzi has been working in Jülich as a project engineer. The main tasks covered by Barbara Borzi are mechanical and thermal FE analysis of mechanical systems.

The main projects undertaken were:
– Simplified FE Analyses of a reactor building house and new annexes for decommissioning. The FE analysis has been undertaken with ANSYS.
– Impact analyses of radioactive material containers falling on shock absorbing concrete. The main requirements of the project were to model the non-linear behaviour of absorbing concrete in order to match the results of experimental tests. The analyses have been undertaken with LS-DYNA.
– Analyses of a cask falling with different orientations on supports mounted on tracks and train wagons. The models of selected bounding conditions, simulating accidents, have been executed. The FE analyses have been undertaken with LS-DYNA. The track and the train wagon have been modelled in details, although the target of the analyses was to define the stress level produced by the impact on the container, to assure the container’s integrity in case of accident during transport.
– Study of the deceleration and associated stress level on nuclear fuel tubes, located in casks falling on the pavement with different orientation during transport. A number of hand calculations and FE analyses have been undertaken to provide the client with a range of possible stress conditions. Due to the uncertainty, typical of the behaviour of the fuel elements, a single result was in this case meaningless.
– Impact analyses of nuclear fuel element containers impacting a concrete foundation with different orientations. The project requirement was to identify the peak stresses in the container components, welds and bolts, in order to check whether the container integrity was guaranteed in case of accident. The analyses have been undertaken with LS-DYNA.
– Impact analyses of different casks falling on soil layers. The non-linear properties selected for the soil layers had to be validated against the results of some available experimental tests.
– Static analyses on a cask and its components, subjected to body forces corresponding to the deceleration produced by the cask impact. Thermal analyses on the same cask subjected to high temperature due to fire accident. The FE analyses have been undertaken with ANSYS.
– ANSYS seismic analyses of four piled up containers. The containers have been modelled as elastic, and contact elements have been used to model the compression and friction forces transferred between the containers and the bottom container and the soil.
– ANSYS static analyses of a basket for nuclear fuel elements. The basket is made by aluminium sheets orthogonal intersected through manufactured cuts in the sheets. The fuel elements are in still boxes located between the aluminium sheets. Finally, the aluminium sheets end in blocks located on the perimeter. The interaction between aluminium sheets, still boxes, and external blocks have been modelled through contact elements.
– Analysis of an aircraft impacting on a reactor house in a nuclear related facility. FE analyses have been undertaken with LS-DYNA.


Barbara Borzi has been working for EQE International (renamed ABS Consulting) at the Warrington Head Office as a senior engineer. Work has ranged from commercial to nuclear sectors, involving administrative and technical work; this included proposal writing, marketing activities, development of software for the inelastic analysis, development of routines for the post-processing of FE analysis results. The employer particularly appreciated Barbara Borzi’s experiences and capabilities in the field of non-linear FE analysis. Her particular skills lead to her promotion to Technical Leader of the Structural Analysis Section.
She also conducted business activities for ABS Consulting in Italy involving various Italian consultancies.

The main projects undertaken were:
– Software development for a cost-benefit model. A probabilistic interpretation has been given to the proposed model to evaluate the probability of a positive benefit from the retrofit of different types of building.
– Probabilistic assessment of structural capacity.
– Seismic upgrade of the buildings of a pharmaceutical facility in Egypt.
– Calculation check and definition of general guidelines for the assessment and retrofit of an industrial facility damaged during 17th August Koaceli (Turkey) earthquake.
– Assessment of a roadway running parallel to a dock wall, based on a method that accounts for the inelastic behaviour of reinforced concrete.
– Seismic assessment of dockside cranes.
– Calculation check of a steel building and a reinforced concrete pond to be built in Corlu, Turkey.
– Seismic assessment of equipments.
– Vulnerability study of industrial facilities in Japan.
– FE analyses and seismic assessment of the drainage system of a submarine dock wall. ABAQUS was adopted as FE software.
– Independent technical assessment of FE models of buildings and equipments subjected to seismic, impact and blast loads.
– Implementation of an adequate tool to model the inelastic behaviour of reinforced concrete elements. This tool uses ABAQUS for the FE analyses. It is also suitable for non-linear static to collapse analyses (i.e. push-over). The tool has been extensively validated comparing results of another independent software product, owned by Imperial College research group (INDYAS), as well as experimental tests on reinforced concrete elements and structures.
– Development of software capability for dynamic inelastic analysis of RC structures.
– Seismic assessment of two reinforced concrete buildings located in the vicinity of a dock wall. The assessment method adopted was based on the prediction of the inelastic behaviour of reinforced concrete structures by means of non-linear static to collapse analyses. FE analyses have been undertaken with ABAQUS.
– FE model of a reinforced concrete building of a nuclear facility. The aim of the study was to assess the structural capacity of the building subjected to high vertical accelerations. A non-linear time history analysis was performed using ABAQUS.
– Non-linear static to collapse analyses of typical frames of three reinforced concrete buildings damaged by 17th August Koaceli (Turkey) earthquake. Identification of the benefit of the proposed retrofit measures to improve the global seismic performance. The FE analyses were undertaken with ABAQUS.
– Seismic assessment of a masonry building. The assessment methodology was based on non-linear static to collapse analysis. In the FE model of the building the seismic behaviour of the masonry panels was modelled through a macro-element that accounts for the failure mechanism that might occur in a masonry panel. The building’s model was created using IDEAS and the FE analysis has been undertaken using ABAQUS. Comprehensive sensitivity studies have been undertaken to identify the influence on the assumptions adopted to model the non-linear behaviour of the panels.
– FE analyses of buildings in a nuclear related facility. The models of the buildings were created using IDEAS, and the FE analyses have been undertaken using ABAQUS. The analyses involved modal, response spectra and time history analyses. A routine was written to execute the code check of the structural elements. The output of the code check routine were plots of the FE model in which different colours highlighted elements that satisfied or failed the code check. Other routines have been developed to calculate the secondary response spectra from the results of the time history analysis.
– FE analysis of steel frames using ANSYS
– Definition of unconditional probability of failure under earthquake loads of industrial facilities. The fragility curves derived for typical components of petrochemical facilities have been convoluted with UK hazard curves to define the unconditional probability of failure and damage.

Borzi B., Elnashai A.S. [1998], “Inelastic Spectra and Ductility Damping Relationships for Displacement-Based Seismic Design”, ESEE Report No. 98-4 (Imperial College-Politecnico di Milano joint report), 157 pp

Faccioli E., Tolis S.V., Borzi B., Elnashai A.S., Bommer J.J. [1998], “Recent Developments in the Definition of the Design Seismic Action in Europe”, 11th European Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Paris 1998

Borzi B. [1998], “Design Spectra Based on Inelastic Response”, Doctorate Thesis, December 1998, 290 pp.

Faccioli E., Pessina V., Calvi G.M., Borzi B. [1999], “A study of Damage Scenarios for Residential Buildings in Catania City”, Journal of Seismology (Special Issue), Vol. 3, N. 3, pp 327-343

Borzi B., Elnashai A.S. [2000], “Refined Force Reduction Factor for Seismic Design”, Journal of Engineering Structures, Vol. 22, pp 1244-1260

Borzi B., Calvi G.M., Elnashai A.S., Faccioli E., Bommer J.J. [2000] “Inelastic Spectra for Displacement-Based Seismic Design”, Journal of Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, Vol. 21, pp. 47-61

Borzi B., Elnashai A.S. [2000], “Assessment of Inelastic Response of Buildings Using a Displacement and Force Approach”, Journal of Tall Buildings, Vol. 9, pp 251-277

Borzi B., Hasson M.V., Morrison A.J.T.M., Sanderson D.J. [2000], “Push-Over Analysis of RC Structures”, 14th ABAQUS UK User Group Conference, Warrington 2000

Borzi B., Sanderson D.J., Thurlbeck S., Wong S. [2002], “Non-Linear Analysis of RC Structures with ABAQUS”, 12th European Conference of Earthquake Engineering, London 2002

Elnashai A.S., Borzi B., Vlachos S. [2004], “Deformation-Based Vulnerability Function for RC Bridges”, Journal of Structural Engineering and Mechanics, Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 215-244

Borzi B., Pinho R., Crowley H. [2007], “Simplified Pushover-Based Vulnerability Analysis for Large Scale Assessment of RC Buildings”, Engineering Structures, Vol. 30, No. 3, pp. 804-820

Borzi B., Crowley H., Pinho R. [2007], “SP-BELA: Un metodo meccanico per la definizione della vulnerabilità basato su analisi pushover semplificate”, Proceedings of XII Convegno L’Ingegneria Sismica in Italia ANIDIS, Pisa (Italy) 2007

Borzi B., Dall’Ara A., Lai C.G., Strobbia C., Ferrini M. [2007], “Dynamic–Compatible Pseudo-Static Analysis of a Natural Slope”, Proceedings of XII Convegno L’Ingegneria Sismica in Italia ANIDIS, Pisa (Italy) 2007

Crowley H., Borzi B., Pinho R., Colombi M., Onida M. [2008], “Comparison of DBELA and SP-BELA: Two Analytical Vulnerability Assessment Methodologies”, Advances in Civil Engineering, Article ID 438379, 19 pp

Colombi M., Borzi B., Crowley H., Onida M., Meroni F., Pinho R. [2008], “Deriving Vulnerability Curves with Italian Earthquake Damage Data”, Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering, Vol.6 , No. 3, pp. 485-504

Borzi B., Crowley H., Pinho R. [2008], “Simplified Pushover-Based Earthquake Loss Assessment (SP-BELA) Method for Masonry Buildings”, International Journal of Architectural Heritage, Vol. 2, No. 4, pp. 353-376

Borzi B., Crowley H., Pinho R. [2008], “The Influence of Infill Panels on Vulnerability Curves for RC Buildings”, Proceeding of 14th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Bejing 2008

Bolognini D., Borzi B., Pinho R. [2008], “Simplified Pushover-Based Vulnerability Analysis of Traditional Italian RC Precast Structures”, Proceeding of 14th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Bejing 2008

Borzi B., Pola D., Vona M., Pinho R., Masi A. [2008], “An Extensive Validation Exercise on Simplifies Methods for the Seismic Performance Evaluation on RC Frame Building” Proceeding of 14th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Bejing 2008

Fiorini E., Onida M., Borzi B., Pacor F., Luzi L., Meletti C., D’Amico V., Marzorati S., Ameri G. [2008], “Microzonation study for an industrial site in southern Italy”, Proceeding of 14th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Bejing 2008

Crowley H., Colombi M., Borzi B., Faravelli M., Onida M., Lopez M., Polli D., Meroni F., Pinho R. [2009], “Comparison of seismic risk maps for Italy”, Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering, Vol. 7, 149-180

Borzi B., Dell’Acqua F., Faravelli M., Gamba P., Lisini G., Onida M., Polli D. [2009], “Studio di vulnerabilità di una vasta area industriale mediante immagini telerilevate da satellite”, Progettazione sismica, No. 2, 105-117

Borzi B., Masi A., Pinho R., Pola D. and Vona M. [2009], “Seismic performance evaluation of RC frame buildings based on simplified and nonlinear dynamic analyses”, Submitted to Advances in Civil Engineering, Hindawi Publishing Corporation

Borzi B., Ceresa P., Lopez M., Magni F., Bianchi F. [2009], “Metodo semplificato per la definizione della curva di Pushover di edifici in ca a telaio”, Atti del XIII Convegno ANIDIS, L’Ingegneria Sismica in Italia, No. Paper S2.3., Bologna 2009

Colombi M., Crowley H., Di Capua G., Peppoloni S., Borzi B., Pinho R., Calvi G.M. [2010], “Mappe di rischio sismico a scala nazionale con dati aggiornati sulla pericolosità sismica di base e locale”, Progettazione Sismica, No. 1, pp. 93-112.

Fiorini E., Onida M., Borzi B., Faravelli M., Pagano M. [2010], “Definizione delle priorità di intervento per scuole italiane: un applicazione webgis per il rischio sismico”, Atti del 28° Convegno Nazionale GNGTS, Prato.

Borzi B., Dell’Acqua F., Faravelli M., Gamba P., Lisini G., Onida M., Polli D. [2011], “Vulnerability study on a large industrial area using satellite remotely sensed images”, Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering 2011, No. 9, pp. 675-690.

Borzi B., Ceresa P., Faravelli M., Fiorini E., Onida M. [2011], “Definition of a prioritization procedure for structural retrofitting of Italian school buildings”, Proceedings of COMPDYN 2011, Corfù, Paper N. 302.

Borzi B., Ceresa P., Faravelli M., Fiorini E., Onida M. [2011], “Applicazione del metodo meccanico SP-BELA alla definizione di rischio sismico e scenari di danno del patrimonio edilizio italiano”, Atti del XIV Convegno L’Ingegneria Sismica in Italia ANIDIS 2011, Bari, Paper N. 802.

Borzi B., Ceresa P., Faravelli M., Fiorini E., Onida M. [2011], “Nuove mappe di rischio e scenari di danno del territorio nazionale: risultati e confronti con gli studi precedenti”, Atti del XIV Convegno L’Ingegneria Sismica in Italia ANIDIS 2011, Bari, Paper N. 803.

Borzi B., Di Meo A., Faravelli M., Fiorini E., Onida M. [2011], “Definizione di una procedura di prioritizzazione per interventi di mitigazione del rischio degli edifici scolastici”, Atti del XIV Convegno L’Ingegneria Sismica in Italia ANIDIS 2011, Bari, Paper N. 793.

Borzi B., Di Meo A., Faravelli M., Fiorini E., Onida M. [2011], “Mappe di rischio sismico e scenario per gli edifici scolastici italiani”, Atti del XIV Convegno L’Ingegneria Sismica in Italia ANIDIS 2011, Bari, Paper N. 794.

Ceresa P., Marziali L., Borzi B. [2011], “Progettazione simulata di ponti esistenti in CA per una valutazione della loro vulnerabilità sismica”, Atti del XIV Convegno L’Ingegneria Sismica in Italia ANIDIS 2011, Bari, Paper N. 936.

Onida M., Borzi B., Noto F. [2011], “Applicazione di un metodo meccanico per la definizione del rischio sismico dei ponti: piattaforma GIS e reperimento dati”, Atti del XIV Convegno L’Ingegneria Sismica in Italia ANIDIS 2011, Bari, Paper N. 1133.

Fiorini E., Borzi B., Iaccino R. [2012], “Real Time damage scenario: case study for the L’Aquila Earthquake”, 15WCEE, Paper N. 3707

Borzi B., Ceresa P., Faravelli M., Onida M. [2012], “Vulnerability study of steel storage tanks in a large industrial area of Sicily”, 15WCEE, Paper N. 4137

Ceresa P., Fiorini E., Borzi B. [2012], “Effects of the seismic input variability on the seismic risk assessment of the RC bridges”,15WCEE, Paper N. 5414

Miglietta P., Borzi B., Ceresa P., Iaccino R. [2012], “Accounting for progressive damage in large scale seismic risk assessment of RC buildings”, 15WCEE, Paper N. 5173

Ceresa P., Borzi B., Noto F., Onida M. [2012],, “Application of a probabilistic mechanics-based methodology for the seismic risk assessment of the Italian RC bridges”,15WCEE, Paper N. 5102

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